Read La Terre by Émile Zola Free Online
Book Title: La Terre|
The author of the book: Émile Zola
ISBN 13: 9782253082217
Format files: PDF, Epub, DOCx, TXT
The size of the: 12.27 MB
Edition: Le Livre de Poche
Date of issue: February 22nd 2006
Reader ratings: 8.8
Loaded: 201 times
Read full description of the books La Terre:
De retour de la bataille de Solférino, le Provençal Jean Macquart s’est installé dans un village de la Beauce où il est devenu le valet du fermier Hourdequin. Mais quoiqu’il s’éprenne bientôt de Françoise, la nièce du vieux père Fouan, Jean reste ici un étranger à la communauté villageoise : car le vrai drame qui va se jouer est celui de la terre que Louis Fouan a décidé de partager entre ses trois enfants.
Qu’il s’agisse en effet de la terre ou de la sexualité, c’est le désir de possession brutale qui est au cœur de ce quinzième roman des Rougon-Macquart. Mais ce que souhaite surtout Zola, lorsqu’il fait paraître son livre en 1887, c’est brosser aussi complètement que possible un tableau de la campagne et de la paysannerie, décrite comme une sorte d’humanité primitive. Et parce qu’il n’écarte pas les formes les plus vives ni les plus frustes de cette vitalité élémentaire, son roman a heurté la critique. Mais le public ne l’a pas écoutée et, à la mort de l’écrivain, La Terre demeurait l’un de ses romans les plus lus.
Read information about the authorÉmile François Zola was an influential French novelist, the most important example of the literary school of naturalism, and a major figure in the political liberalization of France.
More than half of Zola's novels were part of a set of 20 books collectively known as Les Rougon-Macquart. Unlike Balzac who in the midst of his literary career resynthesized his work into La Comédie Humaine, Zola from the start at the age of 28 had thought of the complete layout of the series. Set in France's Second Empire, the series traces the "environmental" influences of violence, alcohol and prostitution which became more prevalent during the second wave of the Industrial Revolution. The series examines two branches of a family: the respectable (that is, legitimate) Rougons and the disreputable (illegitimate) Macquarts for five generations.
As he described his plans for the series, "I want to portray, at the outset of a century of liberty and truth, a family that cannot restrain itself in its rush to possess all the good things that progress is making available and is derailed by its own momentum, the fatal convulsions that accompany the birth of a new world."
Although Zola and Cézanne were friends from childhood, they broke in later life over Zola's fictionalized depiction of Cézanne and the Bohemian life of painters in his novel L'Œuvre (The Masterpiece, 1886).
From 1877 with the publication of l'Assommoir, Émile Zola became wealthy, he was better paid than Victor Hugo, for example. He became a figurehead among the literary bourgeoisie and organized cultural dinners with Guy de Maupassant, Joris-Karl Huysmans and other writers at his luxurious villa in Medan near Paris after 1880. Germinal in 1885, then the three 'cities', Lourdes in 1894, Rome in 1896 and Paris in 1897, established Zola as a successful author.
The self-proclaimed leader of French naturalism, Zola's works inspired operas such as those of Gustave Charpentier, notably Louise in the 1890s. His works, inspired by the concepts of heredity (Claude Bernard), social manichaeism and idealistic socialism, resonate with those of Nadar, Manet and subsequently Flaubert.
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