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Ebook Primates et philosophes by Frans de Waal read! Book Title: Primates et philosophes
The author of the book: Frans de Waal
Language: English
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Format files: PDF, Epub, DOCx, TXT
The size of the: 919 KB
Edition: Editions le Pommier
Date of issue: 2008
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Une longue tradition philosophique et scientifique situe l'origine de la moralité humaine non dans l'évolution mais dans la culture : nous serions moraux par choix et non pas nature. Bien plus, la moralité serait une fine écorce recouvrant une nature par ailleurs mauvaise. «C'est l'animal en nous», entendons-nous souvent quand notre comportement a laissé à désirer...
Fort d'une vie de recherches sur le comportement des primates, Frans de Waal bat en brêche cette triste vision du monde naturel. S'appuyant à la fois sur Darwin, ses propres observations et certaines découvertes récentes, il explique comment nous sommes issus de l'évolution d'une longue lignée d'animaux qui s'occupent des plus faibles et établissent entre eux des liens de coopération fondés sur des transactions réciproques.
Sa réflexion va bien au-delà de l'opposition simpliste entre nature et culture et illustre l'alliance novatrice de la philosophie et de la biologie au service de l'éthique.

Composé de leçons données à l'université de Princeton, l'ouvrage comporte également les réactions de trois philosophes et d'un spécialiste de la psychologie évolutionniste, et la réponse de de Waal, qui clarifie ainsi ce qui différencie les hommes des autres animaux.

Psychologue, primatologue et éthologue, Frans de Waal est l'auteur de nombreux livres comme La politique du chimpanzé et Le singe en nous (Fayard). Au Living Links Center du Yerkes National Primate Research Center, ses travaux redessinent le lien que l'évolution a tissé entre nos proches cousins et nous. Au Pommier, il a déjà publié (avec Henri Atlan) Les Frontières de l'humain (Le collège de la cité n°31).

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Ebook Primates et philosophes read Online! "Frans B.M. de Waal, PhD (born 29 October 1948, 's-Hertogenbosch), is a Dutch psychologist, primatologist and ethologist. He is the Charles Howard Candler professor of Primate Behavior in the Emory University psychology department in Atlanta, Georgia, and director of the Living Links Center at the Yerkes National Primate Research Center and author of numerous books including Chimpanzee Politics and Our Inner Ape. His research centers on primate social behavior, including conflict resolution, cooperation, inequity aversion, and food-sharing. In 1993, he was elected to the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, to the United States National Academy of Sciences in 2004, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, in 2008.

In 1977, de Waal received his doctorate in biology from Utrecht University after training as a zoologist and ethologist. His dissertation research concerned aggressive behavior and alliance formation in macaques.

In 1975, de Waal began a six-year project on the world's largest captive colony of chimpanzees at the Arnhem Zoo. The study resulted in many scientific papers, and resulted in publication of his first book, Chimpanzee Politics, in 1982.

In 1981, he moved to the United States for a position at the Wisconsin National Primate Research Center, and took his current position at Emory and the Yerkes National Primate Research Center in 1991.

His research into the innate capacity for empathy among primates has led de Waal to the conclusion that non-human great apes and humans are simply different types of apes, and that there is little difference between these species.

His book, Our Inner Ape, examines human behavior through the eyes of a primatologist, using the behavior of common chimpanzees and bonobos as metaphors for human psychology.

De Waal was named one of Time magazine's most influential 100 people in 2007.

De Waal also works in the field of social psychology. De Waal is currently on the Editorial Board of Greater Good Magazine, published by the Greater Good Science Center of the University of California, Berkeley. His contributions include the interpretation of scientific research into the roots of compassion, altruism, and peaceful human relationships. Besides being a contributor, de Waal, also has an article on Empathy in Greater Good magazine. He further writes a column for Psychologie, a popular Dutch monthly magazine."

-http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frans_de...



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