Read Germania by Tacitus Free Online
Book Title: Germania|
The author of the book: Tacitus
ISBN 13: 9781853995033
Format files: PDF, Epub, DOCx, TXT
The size of the: 776 KB
Edition: Duckworth Publishing
Date of issue: September 17th 2009
Reader ratings: 4.3
Loaded: 329 times
Read full description of the books Germania:
Fascinating, so I took massive notes :) Tacitus claims Rome invaded Germany for 2 centuries, and mentions many tribes... including Aryans. I hope to find studies confirming relations with P.I.E-speaking peoples entering South Asia millenia ago.
Silver and gold the gods have denied them… silver vessels have been presented to their princes and ambassadors, but not esteemed more than earthen vessels. The Germans adjoining to our frontiers value gold and silver for commerce.
Their generals procure obedience not by the force of their authority but by their example.
Of all the gods, they worship Mercury most. On certain days he is offered human victims. Hercules and Mars are appeased with sacrificed beasts.
They judge it unsuitable to hold the gods within walls, or represent them like humans. They instead consecrate entire forests and groves.
They divine events from the voices and flight of birds. To this nation it is peculiar to learn divine presages and warnings from horses also. These are nourished by the State in the same sacred woods and groves, all milk-white and never put to work. Yoked to a holy chariot, they are accompanied by the priest and king or communal chief, who both carefully observe his actions and neighing.
In reckoning time they count the number of nights, not days. The night seems to lead and govern the day.
They hang traitors and deserters upon trees. Cowards, sluggards, and unnatural prostitutes are smothered in mud and bogs.
Delinquents upon conviction are condemned to pay a certain number of horses or cattle.
You cannot easily persuade them to farm - to await the return of the seasons and produce of the year - than provoke foes, risking wounds and death. The regard it stupid and spiritless to acquire by sweat what can be gained by blood.
Much of their time they pass in indolence, sleep and repasts.
They trust to their wives, to the ancient men, and to the most impotent domestic worker, all the care of their house, land, and possessions. They themselves loiter.
It is well known none of the several German tribes live in cities.
They prefer digging caves deep underground, overlaying them with great dung heaps. Thither they retire for shelter in the winter, or convey their grain.
They are almost the only Barbarians content with one wife.
The wife gives no dowry to the husband; the husband grants a dowry to the wife.
Adultery is exceeding rare; a crime instantly punished and inflicted by the husband. He cuts off her hair, expells her from his house naked, in the presence of her kin, and pursues her with whippings throughout the village.
More powerful with them are good manners than with other people are good laws.
They are all nourished with the milk of their own mothers, and never surrendered to handmaids and nurses.
Slow and late do young men come to women, and thus preserve youthful vigor. Neither are virgins hastened to wed. They must both have the same sprightly youth, stature, and marry when equal and
To refuse any man whatsoever under your roof is wicked and inhuman… Upon your departure, if you ask anything, it is their custom to grant it; and with the same facility, they ask of you.
Their food is very simple: wild fruit, fresh venison, or coagulated milk.
To whip a slave, chain him, or doom him to severe labor are things rarely seen…. For there they bear higher sway than the free-born, nay, higher than the nobles. In other countries the inferior condition of freedmen is a proof of public liberty.
Upon the funeral pile, they add neither apparel nor perfumes. Into the fire is thrown the arms of the dead, and sometimes his horse.
As soon as they arrive to maturity of years, they let their hair and beards grow… Over the blood and spoil of a foe they make bare their face.
The most brave wear an iron ring.
Chaucians… the people of all Germans most noble, maintain their grandeur by justice, not violence. They provoke no wars, ravage no countries, nor pursue plunder. The chief evidence of bravery and power is in that without wronging or oppressing others, they become superior to all.
Suevians… divided into several nations with distinct names… have a peculiar custom of twisting their hair and binding it up in a knot… by publicly sacrificing a man, they begin the horrible solemnity of their barbarous worship.
The Aryans, besides their forces, which surpass the several nations just recounted, are stern and truculent. Art, time, and humor improve their natural grimness and ferocity. They wear black shields, paint their bodies black, they choose dark nights to battle; scaring the enemy with their ghastly hue. In all battles the eyes are vanquished first.
Read information about the authorPublius (or Gaius) Cornelius Tacitus (ca. AD 56 – ca. AD 117) was a senator and a historian of the Roman Empire. The surviving portions of his two major works—the Annals and the Histories—examine the reigns of the Roman Emperors Tiberius, Claudius, Nero and those who reigned in the Year of the Four Emperors. These two works span the history of the Roman Empire from the death of Augustus in AD 14 to (presumably) the death of emperor Domitian in AD 96. There are enormous lacunae in the surviving texts, including one four books long in the Annals.
Other works by Tacitus discuss oratory (in dialogue format, see Dialogus de oratoribus), Germania (in De origine et situ Germanorum), and biographical notes about his father-in-law Agricola, primarily during his campaign in Britannia (see De vita et moribus Iulii Agricolae).
Tacitus was an author writing in the latter part of the Silver Age of Latin literature. His work is distinguished by a boldness and sharpness of wit, and a compact and sometimes unconventional use of Latin.
Add a comment to Germania
Read EBOOK Germania by Tacitus Online free
|Download Germania PDF:||germania.pdf|